Project de Oematan

Sadi village located in East Tasifeto district is chosen as the project beneficiary due to demographic and geographic factors, such as the potentials of indigineous fabrics and land management, socioeconomic issues irrigation problems, lack of nourishment, and educational issues.

East Tasifeto is considered impoverished district in Belu regency. There are many refugees who reside in Sadi village as it directly borders with the neighbouring country, East Timor.

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Problem Background

Water scarcity becomes root of various problems in Sadi village. The 349 hectare agricultural land requires rainfall and only 149 hectare is irrigated. The absence of irrigation facilities, such as water pump and irrigation system often leads to crop failures. Aside from agricultural issues, there are also water facility problems where there are inadequate water supplies to fulfill daily needs of villagers. In fact, 120 out of 361 families do not own decent public bathing, washing, and toilet facilities. The villagers often have to travel far to collect water due to insufficient water containers. Moreover, several water sources experience problems and are not maintained well, causing the villagers to have diarrhea and itchy skin. The absence of water facilities also affects the amount water supply in public health center. Eventually, the medical workers are reluctant to stay in the provided houses around the area. It also impacts the public bathing, washing, and toilet facilities at secondary school in Sadi.

Proposed Solutions

Currently, water scarcity becomes the main focus of the problems in Sadi village. After thorough discussion with the representatives of Kemak tribe, it can be concluded that there are currently three water facilities that are classified according to its functions. First, they function as agricultural and horticultural irrigation system. Second, they act as water facilities to supply the daily needs of villagers. Lastly, they support the public facilities, such as school and public health center.

Project Description

Title: Water Facilities Project in Sadi Village

Types: Establishment of Water Facilities for Agriculture, Houses, and Public Facilities


1. Establishment of water facilities for commercial activities

  • Adequate water supply for farming
  • Adequate water supply for raising livestocks
  • Adequate water supply for agriculture

2. Establishment of water pipes for public facilities

  • Sufficient water pipes for public bathing, washing, and toilet facilities at schools
  • Sufficient water pipes for public health center

3. Establishment of water facilities for daily needs

  • Sufficient water pipes to supply villagers' houses
  • Addition of water containers at some location in the village
  • Addition of water pipes from the source to the new water containers
  • Maintenance of the current water facilities to prevent contamination

Location: Sadi village, East Tasifeto district, Belu regency, East Nusa Tenggara

Project Justification


  • Crop failures and malnutrition due to food shortages caused by irrigation problems.
  • Contaminated water facilities due to lack of maintenance
  • Inadequate water pipes to supply public facilities, such as schools and public health center
  • Inadequate water containers for villagers to contain water
  • The absence of connected water pipes to villagers' houses
  • The absence of water pipes and water contamination lead to diarrhea, itching, and vomiting


  • Irrigation system for farm and agriculture
  • Water pipes for public facilities
  • Water containers and pipes for houses


  • Prevent crop failures
  • Maximize the harvest
  • Cure the diseases caused by water contamination 
  • Provide sufficient water supply for schools and public health center
  • Able to contain water to be used during dry season
  • Able to supply water to villagers' houses


  • Water scarcity leads to crop failures and inadequate crops for sale
  • Urgency due to various diseases, such diarrhea, itching, and vomiting caused by water contamination
  • The public facilities are abandoned due to absence of water supply
  • Provide additional water containers to contain water during rainy season

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